Effect of endogenous methylglyoxal on Chinese hamster ovary cells grown in culture.

TitleEffect of endogenous methylglyoxal on Chinese hamster ovary cells grown in culture.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsChaplen, FW, Fahl, WE, Cameron, DC
Date Published1996 Jan

Methylglyoxal is a ketoaldehyde that reacts readily under physiological conditions with biologically relevant ligands, such as amine and sulfhydryl groups. It is produced in mammalian cells primarily as a by-product of glycolysis. The level of glucose, L-glutamine and fetal bovine serum in culture media was found to significantly affect levels of intracellular methylglyoxal in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Medium with 25 mM glucose and 5 mM L-glutamine caused an increase in free methylglyoxal levels of 90 to 100% relative to medium containing 5 mM glucose and 2 mM L-glutamine. Both of these media compositions are representative of those found in commercially available media. Pseudomonas putida glyoxalase I was expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells to enhance methylglyoxal detoxification. The Chinese hamster ovary cell clones showed an 80 to 90% decrease in free methylglyoxal levels. The colony-forming ability of these cells was compared to wild-type Chinese hamster ovary cells under conditions found to cause elevated methylglyoxal levels. The wild-type cells showed a 10% decrease in colony-forming ability relative to the clones. This decrease was found to be statistically significant (P>0.99) by analysis of variance. The variation in colony-forming ability amongst the clones was statistically insignificant. More importantly, the clones shoed increased colony-forming ability relative to the wild-type cells under conditions of higher methylglyoxal production with fair to good statistical significance (P>0.75 to P>0.95). This result is the first quantifiable evidence that endogenously produced methylglyoxal can negatively affect cell function under conditions found in animal cell culture.

Alternate JournalCytotechnology
PubMed ID22358913