Sex-biased gene expression in antennae of Drosophila suzukii.

TitleSex-biased gene expression in antennae of Drosophila suzukii.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsAhn, S-J, Oh, H-W, Corcoran, J, Kim, J-A, Park, K-C, Park, CGyoo, Choi, M-Y
JournalArch Insect Biochem Physiol
Date Published2020 May
KeywordsAnimals, Arthropod Antennae, Chemoreceptor Cells, Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System, Drosophila, Female, Gene Expression Profiling, Male, Sex Factors

Drosophila suzukii differs from other members of the genus Drosophila in its host preference and oviposition behavior. The flies are attracted to ripening fruits, and females have a serrated ovipositor enabling eggs to be laid inside the fruit. In addition to its huge economic impact, its unique chemoecological, morphological, and physiological characteristics have garnered considerable research interests. In this study, we analyzed D. suzukii antennal transcriptomes to identify sex-biased genes by comparison of differential gene expressions between male antennae (MA) and female antennae (FA). Among 13,583 total genes of the fly genome, 11,787 genes were expressed in either MA or FA. There are only 132 genes (9 in MA, 7 in FA, and 116 in both, FPKM >1) were expressed in antennae exclusively, and 2,570 genes (9 in MA, 0 in FA, and 2,561 in both) were enriched in antennae containing 185 and 113 sex-biased genes in MA and FA, respectively. Interestingly, many immune-related genes were highly expressed in MA, whereas several chemosensory genes were at high rank in FA. We identified 27 sex-biased chemosensory genes including odorant and gustatory receptors, odorant-binding proteins, chemosensory proteins, ionotropic receptors, and cytochrome P450s, and validated the gene expressions using quantitative real-time PCR. The highly expressed sex-biased genes in antennae are likely involved in the fly specific mating, host-finding behaviors, or sex-specific functions. The molecular results demonstrated here will facilitate to find the unique chemoreception of D. suzukii, as well as on the development of new management strategies for this pest.

Alternate JournalArch. Insect Biochem. Physiol.
PubMed ID31994766